Projects

Ongoing projects


 

 

• Preserving Šćedro’s environment and its natural and cultural heritage.

Šćedro’s coastal areas and beaches suffer significant contamination from rubbish brought in by the tides and deposited by careless visitors, among other causes. Every year the Association undertakes actions to clean up, collect and remove rubbish. One of the more important activities in this context is the maintenance and strimming of the fire paths, to prevent them from becoming overgrown and unusable. This is not only an important part of the fire prevention measures on Šćedro, but also a prerequisite for preserving the natural environment. The cleaning and tidying activities are carried out mainly on land, but twice a year several diving clubs join in operations to clear the seabed of rubbish.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

• The Maritime Villa

Maritime villa is the term for a Roman villa built at the seaside, and there is one situated in a Šćedro bay. It is being researched in conjunction with the Academy of Arts in Split. Finds confirming the existence of the maritime villa include fragments of stone artefacts, remnants of mosaics, and steps carved near the sea. The site is protected and research is continuing.

 

 

 

 

• Stone mounds (barrows, tumuli)

There are about 62 ancient stone mounds (tumuli) scattered all over the island. Many are individual, but some are grouped together. It is not known how many of these mounds were created as burial mounds, or whether some had other significant purposes. The biggest of the groups, consisting of ten mounds, is at a location called Kadunje Gomile on the plain above the Mostir bay. It measures 40m across and 4m high, and is now largely covered by the pine trees which have grown up over the last 50 years. The largest mound identified so far is at the highest point, called Vela Glova, in the west of the island.

 

 

• St. Mary’s Church in the Dominican Monastery

There are clear traces of an early Christian monastery in the little chapel which later became the Dominican church. The first mention of a chapel on Šćedro is contained in medieval documents dating to 1460, where it is referred to as ‘ecclesia in mare’ (‘a church in the sea’), which reflects the custom of holding Masses using the altar on the waterfront for sailors moored in their boats offshore. St. Mary’s Chapel was mentioned in 1465, which proves that the church was so named before the arrival of the Dominicans. In 2019, in conjunction with the Jelsa Municipal Council and the Conservation Office in Split, the Association applied for funding for the preliminary documentation needed to restore the chapel according to the Conservators’ specialist technical recommendations.

 

 

 

• A Shipwreck from the 2nd century BC

A team of archaeologists and local divers found the wreck of a Roman ship laden with a cargo of amphorae at a depth of some 40 metres off the north coast of Šćedro Island. Up to now more than 150 preserved amphorae have been observed, and it is thought that the rest of the ship and its cargo lie under a sandy layer covering an area of 60 square metres. At present they are protected in a metal cage. The ship has been identified as a hitherto undisturbed Roman vessel which can be dated to the end of the 2nd or beginning of the 1st century BC. This completely preserved ship from Antique times is unique in the Split-Dalmatian County.

The project to investigate the ship is being coordinated by the Arts Academy of the University of Split in cooperation with the Conservation Office in Split and the Association, whose role is to offer local support in a variety of different ways. The amphorae on the ship were most probably filled with wine, and as the majority of the amphorae are still sealed, the archaeologists have concluded that the amphorae were full at the time when the ship sank. They expect to find the lower part of the wooden structure of the ship preserved in its entirety under the layers of sand covering it. If so, removing the sediment to reveal the ship’s structure and the rest of its previously concealed cargo will supply much information and an understanding of the ship’s fate.

 

 

 

 

Individual projects


 

• The Plan for the sustainable development of Šćedro Island, safeguarding it and tidying it

This Project was created in 2014 in collaboration with the Jelsa Municipal Council and financial support from the Fund for the Protection of the Environment and Energy Efficiency (Fond za zaštitu okoliša i energetsku učinkovitost). Underlying the project is the belief that Šćedro could be the model showing the way to preserve, develop and protect a sensitive natural environment. In the Plan the Association has presented its vision for the ŠĆEDRO ISLAND PARK, comprising the Šćedro Woodland Park, Šćedro Nautical Park, Šćedro Marine Park and so on.

The Šćedro Island Park stands for a natural, orderly and appropriately organized, efficiently protected and sensitively managed location. The Plan was developed in the belief that it was possible to create the project carefully, in the context of long-term thinking. An Agreement was signed with the Jelsa Municipal Council on February 18th 2015, for collaboration in realizing the long-term aims set out in the Plan. One of the first tasks of the Association, as defined in the Plan, was to create its own working model and identity in the form of the limited company ‘Prijatelji Šćedra d.o.o.’ (Friends of Šćedro d.o.o.). This was founded under the sole ownership of the Friends of Šćedro Island Association in 2015 in order to employ local people. The company took on the concession for moorings in the Porat and Mostir bays, in accordance with the rules governing this type of business. The achievement of putting the programme into action by forming its own business entity greatly increased the power of the Association, providing sufficient finance for at least part of the second phase of its work, which is to establish the aims of sustainable development.

When the Plan was being created, the need to organize the island’s paths was identified as one of the key development projects. Viable coastal and inland paths would ensure that all parts of the island would be linked in a unique way, which would allow for improved appreciation and much better protection for the island’s locations, not restricted to the coast. Another key project, which is already underway, was the vision of creating an archaeological collection on Šćedro, which is extremely rich in historical artefacts, in one of the abandoned parts of the former 15th century Dominican Monastery. Visitors come to the island in greater numbers every year. Providing them with greater possibilities for seeing the island’s archaeological relics is a sure way of guaranteeing that they will have a special lasting memory from Šćedro.

 

 

• The Study – a model island using 100 % renewable energy sources

This Study is of great importance to the large number of Croatian islands whose attractiveness to tourists is based on the conservation of their natural environment. Using renewable energy sources will have a significant influence the island’s sustainable development and the protection of its environment, not only on Šćedro and Hvar Island, but also across the wider region. The document has set out a high-quality academic basis which encompasses realistic possibilities and options, warns of possible risks and threats, and represents a good foundation for continuing the dialogue with the Jelsa Municipal Council (Općina Jelsa), the Split-Dalmatian County (Splitsko-dalmatinska županija), the relevant national Ministries, EU programmes and so on regarding the subject of renewable energy sources and energetically independent islands following international examples.

The fundamental idea is above all to preserve Šćedro as a model of conservation and continuing life on this and other similar small islands in Croatia. The Study was created in 2015 with financial support from the Fund for the Protection of the Environment and Energy Efficiency.

 

 

• Fire roads and tracks

In 2016, with the help of the Croatian Forestry Company (Hrvatske šume d.o.o.) and the Jelsa Municipal Council, 16 km of existing 5-metre-wide firebreak tracks and paths, which had been almost totally over grown through years of neglect were cleared. The Friends of Šćedro Association also raised the money to buy a fire engine with a 6,000 litre capacity together with a fire hose, in case of fire. At the same time, the paths were signposted to make orientation easier for visitors.

 

 

• My Šćedro – A Clean and Tidy Island!

This Project was carried out in 2019 with financial support from the Fund for the Protection of the Environment and Energy Efficiency. The activities included: two workshops (an educational lecture, and a knowledge-stimulating competition) were held in the Jelsa Elementary School (OŠ Jelsa) and were attended by more than 130 children, on the theme of biological diversity in the Adriatic and the prevention of marine pollution; there were three operations to clear rubbish from the seabed, which brought up more than 2 tons of mixed detritus; information boards designed to increase awareness of the problem of dealing with rubbish were placed in the five most visited bays (Mostir, Porat, Porteruša, Tufera, Nova pošta), which were cleaned up in the seabed clearing operations.